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Tentative lists

New candidacies

The Typical Wine-Growing and Producing Landscapes of Piedmont

A series of excellent wine-growing and producing areas cultivated with the indigenous vine species of the major appellations (D.O.C. and D.O.C.G) is proposed for registration in the World Heritage List in the provinces of Alessandria, Asti and Cuneo which present a considerable richness and variety of crops, locations and architectures, capable of relating the numerous wine-making traditions and practices that have consolidated the supremacy of these regions over time.

The candidacy of the site "Paesaggi Vitivinicoli Tipici del Piemonte" (Typical wine-growing and producing landscapes of Piedmont) officially started on 1 June 2006 with the registration in the Italian tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage, by the permanent interministerial work group for the UNESCO World Heritage.

On 11 February 2008 a Protocol of Intent was signed between the Minister of National Heritage and Culture, the Piedmont Region and the Provinces of Alessandria, Asti and Cuneo aimed at the identification of the sites of exceptional value to be proposed for registration. As a result of the aforementioned Protocol of Intent the Superior Institute on Territorial Systems for innovation (SiTI) was given the task of the preparation of the Dossier of candidacy that must be presented to the UNESCO Commission by February 2011.

The prehistoric lake-dwelling sites of the alpine chain

On 26 January 2010, at the World Heritage Centre in Paris, the candidacy of the "Siti palafitticoli preistorici dell’arco alpino" (Prehistoric lake-dwelling sites of the alpine chain) was presented for registration in the World Heritage List. The candidacy, of a transnational serial type, involves six Countries (Switzerland, Italy, France, Germany, Austria and Slovenia). Five regions in Italy are involved, belonging to the southern-alpine chain, and in particular Lombardy, Veneto, Piedmont, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trentino Alto Adige. There are 156 serial sites, 25 of which are in Italy; Piedmont proposes 2 sites. The prehistoric inhabitated areas on piles and in the peat bogs are a characteristic phenomenon of circumalpine regions. In the numerous lakes and marshes of the pre-alpine region these are preserved in excellent condition and represent unique monuments, of extraordinary scientific importance. In no other place in the world is the development of Neolithic inhabited areas and the age of metals so clearly documented: researchers are capable of reconstructing in detail the culture, economy and environment between the V and the I millennium BC.

The Piedmont sites:

IT-PM-01 – Viverone (TO)

The site is located on the shallow water of the western part of the Lake of Viverone, at a depth of 2-3 metres; it is crossed by the municipal boundary line that separates Viverone and Azeglio and corresponds to a protected naturalistic area (SIC n. IT1110020, Lago di Viverone).

The discovery of the site dates backs to the 1970s. It is one of the most important lake-dwelling inhabitated areas of the Bronze Age for its richness of metal structures and ceramics and for the complexity of the structures, revealed during numerous scientific campaigns conducted by the then Archaeological Office of Piedmont. The village has a circular planimetry of approximately 70 m in diameter and is surrounded by a series of fences. Inside it is organised into areas of huts and enclosures that are positioned on the sides of a street. On a cultural level strong influences from central Europe (Switzerland and southern Germany), both for the characteristics of the settlement and the type of objects are revealed, making the site crucial for the understanding of the contacts between Italy and the transalpine area in theBronze Age (XVII-XV and XI centuries BC).

IT-PM-02 - Arona (NO) – Mercurago

The archaeological area falls within the regions of the Lagoons of Mercurago, a natural park located in the municipalities of Arona, Oleggio Castello and Dormelletto.

The site represents an exceptional field of enquiry for studies on the prehistory of Piedmont. In this location towards the middle of the XIX century, the notifications of G.Moro and L.Maffei from Arona to Bartolomeo Gastaldi, professor of Geology at the Engineers' Application School in Turin, gave rise to the first pioneering research, conducted on the influence of analogous discoveries carried out in Switzerland.

Gastaldi did not carry out real digs, but collected exhibits that gradually came to light during the course of the peat extraction work. Relying on the first observations on the Swiss lake-dwelling sites (piles) and on the theories formulated over that period to explain the positioning of the remains of the structures at levels below the water level, Gastaldi, the real founder of Palaeoethnology in Piedmont, formulated the image of Mercurago as the first lake-dwelling site in Piedmont. The first phase of occupation of the site is referable the middle of the Bronze Age (1650-1350 BC).

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